Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5 methoxytryptamine, is a natural hormone, which is primarily produced at night in the pineal gland. By crossing cell membranes in our body, Melatonin aids the health of all cells, however the amount of Melatonin produced decreases as individuals get older. Melatonin is needed to normalize the body’s daily rhythms and to regulate sleep-wake cycles, ultimately promoting greater energy, positive health results, and strengthen muscle because the body has had a peaceful and restful night sleep.
Reasons why Melatonin is used include:
• High Stress Levels
• High Amounts of Caffeine Usage
• Traveling (jet-lag)
• Hectic Schedules
Melatonin does not have the addictive side effects as most over the counter drugs and it is one of the least toxic substances prescribed. It is an all-natural way to relax and get the amount of needed daily sleep. Also, Melatonin can aid in boosting the immune system because it balances healthy sleep patterns. Since Melatonin has become readily available for over-the-counter use, the FDA has had no alarming side effects to be reported.
Melatonin should be taken between 1 to 2 hours before bedtime in a dose of 1-3mg. It is a small pill that packs quite a punch.
Too much Melatonin can take the other direction and cause you to have a very bad night sleep due to vivid dreams and nightmares. Other side affects may include sleepwalking and disorientation. It is very important not to take Melatonin in the daytime if you have a busy day ahead of you or if you plan to drive a motor vehicle. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding the use of melatonin is not recommended. Research has not found any side effects of long-term use, but this is a hormone and you may want to be supervised by your physician.